An Overview of the Obama Student Loan Forgiveness Program
When President Obama tweaked some parts of the Direct Loan program in 2010 when he signed the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, he birthed the Obama Student Loan Forgiveness program. Keep in mind that only federal student loans are affected by all programs, excluding loans provided by private institutions.
Below are some of the changes implemented by President Obama:
> No more subsidies to private lenders for federally backed loans
> 10% of borrowers’ discretionary income to be paid for loans that began in 2014
> Student loan forgiveness eligibility period reduced from 25 years to 20 years on qualifying payments
> Money to be spent on poor and minority student funding and boost college funding
Borrowers are given the following repayment options under the Student Loan Forgiveness Obama program:
1. Standard Repayment
Every month, the borrower pays a fixed amount for the whole life of the loan. Payment will be based on you’re the borrowed amount and interest rate, as well as the term of the loan.
2. Graduated Repayment
The borrower can make payments smaller than the standard repayment plan, but the total amount will increase gradually every two years.
3. Income Contingent(ICR)
The borrower can pay, depending on the size of their family and their income, the remaining loan balance, and the interest rate as per this plan option of the Student Loan Forgiveness Obama program.
4. Income Based(IBR)
Payment as per this Student Loan Forgiveness Obama plan is strictly based on the borrower’s family size and income, meaning interest rate and loan balance have no effect. Federal income loans will be paid with 15% of the borrower’s discretionary income.
5. Pay As You Earn(PAYE)
This Student Loan Forgiveness Obama plan often has the least monthly payment, and is based as well on income; however 10% of the borrower’s discretionary income will be paid instead of 15% in IBR. The catch is, qualifying rules for this plan are stricter than the others.
Based on the Student Loan Forgiveness Obama program, interest in the IBR will be fully independent from the direct loan’s subsidized portion. However, this rule only covers the first three years of the borrower’s IBR payment, and only if such payment is lower than what is typically due in interest. This amount can be as much thousands of dollars in total, depending on the loan balance and the type of payment the borrower is qualify for at present.
End-of-Term Student Loan Forgiveness
Under the Income Based, Pay As You Earn and Income Contingent repayment plans, any remaining balance at the end of the term would be forgiven. The loan’s term would range from 20 to 25 years, depending on the repayment plan chosen and the original date of the loans. The amount to be forgiven will depend on the original loan amount, the present income of the borrower, and the extent of variations of this income throughout the repayment term.